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Analysis, background reports and updates from the PBS NewsHour putting today's news in context.

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: Now a veteran filmmaker takes on the art of poetry.

    Jeffrey Brown has our look at the new movie “Paterson.”

    ADAM DRIVER, Actor: I go through trillions of molecules that move aside to make way for me.

    JEFFREY BROWN: Where does poetry come from? It’s not a question normally posed by a film.

    JIM JARMUSCH, Director: I remember giving the script, sending it first to Ron. And he called me and said, wow, Jim, I think you’re really going for the big bucks here, a poet who’s a bus driver in New Jersey, you know?

    JEFFREY BROWN: The script that director Jim Jarmusch shared with his friend poet Ron Padgett was for the film “Paterson,” and it is indeed about a bus driver, played by Adam Driver, making his daily route through the streets of Paterson, New Jersey, taking in what’s around him, overhearing conversations, using the stuff of everyday life to write poems, which we hear him recite and see on screen.

    ADAM DRIVER: Another one. When you’re a child, you learn there are three dimensions, height, width and depth, like a shoe box. Then, later, you hear there’s a fourth dimension, time.

    JEFFREY BROWN: That and other plainspoken poems in the film were actually written by 74-year-old Padgett, prize-winning poet, essayist and translator who’s been publishing his work since the 1960s.

    He said he was taken aback at first when Jim Jarmusch asked if he wanted to write new poems for the film.

    RON PADGETT, Poet: And then we hung up, and I started thinking, why not? Why do I have to be such a chicken? Why can’t I just really accept this challenge?

    And not too long there thereafter — and I had read the script, and I kind of had an idea about this character, Paterson. I kind of found myself falling into what I kind of temporarily fantasized to be his world. I tried to make it by him, not by me, but also by me.

    JEFFREY BROWN: Poetry was also a longtime love of Jim Jarmusch, who,, beginning in the 1980s in films like “Stranger Than Paradise” and “Down By Law,” established himself as a filmmaker with a very personal and distinctly non-Hollywood vision.

    As movies seem to get ever bigger and louder, he’s managed to set his own pace.

    JIM JARMUSCH: I love the form of filmmaking. I love all the aspects of it, except financing and promoting them.

    But it’s such a beautiful form to me. I know that I’m not able to make someone else’s film for them in, say, a studio setting. I can’t have other people’s input who are thinking about the commercial viability of the film affecting how the film is made or what goes into it. I would end up in jail, having kneecapped some executive who previously ran an underwear factory.

    You know, I’m a filmmaker. This is what I’m learning to do.

    JEFFREY BROWN: In the film “Paterson,” Jarmusch has also created an ode to an earlier “Paterson,” the epic poem written in the 1940s and ’50s by one of America’s most renowned poets, William Carlos Williams.

    Williams lived and worked as a doctor in the area. In the poem’s preface, Williams writes: “To make a start out of particulars and make them general.”

    The bus driver in the film “Paterson” is no William Carlos Williams. He’s never published a thing and is unlikely to. But he’d understand the sentiment.

    ADAM DRIVER: I’m working on a poem for you.

    ACTRESS: A love poem?

    ADAM DRIVER: Yes. I guess, if it’s for you, it’s a love poem.

    JEFFREY BROWN: And Jarmusch picked up on the notion of taking the particulars of everyday life, looking at them, listening to them and making art from them.

    JIM JARMUSCH: Because he’s a bus driver, and we have images flowing past him, both visually and things he overhears, he kind of drifts through his job, which is very — it’s a routine, right? It’s all very set for him.

    And this allows him to just take things in. I think that’s what poets — in this case, he’s a poet — all people who create things, this is what they do. They have to get input from something.

    JEFFREY BROWN: The stuff of life becomes the details of poetry.

    RON PADGETT: I hope so. I can’t figure out where else to get it.


    JEFFREY BROWN: I asked Ron Padgett, who’s taught writing to children, college students and adults, what people too often don’t get about poetry.

    RON PADGETT: They are given to quote, I think, wrong or misleading or narrow idea of what poetry is or can be.

    And, secondly, they don’t value their own imaginations. They just suppress or don’t want to deal with their imagination. And yet it’s so close to being a poet in many ways. So, if we can only bust through those barriers — and maybe a film like “Paterson” will help some people say, huh, maybe I could write something like this, too.

    JEFFREY BROWN: The film “Paterson” is now in wide release around the country.

    From New York, I’m Jeffrey Brown for the PBS NewsHour.

    The post ‘Paterson’ is an ode to making art from the details of everyday life appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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  • 01/19/17--17:56: Inauguration Day live blog
  • The post Inauguration Day live blog appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    A pedestrian walks past the store "Army of Russia", located opposite the U.S. embassy, with an image of U.S. President-elect Donald Trump seen on the advertising board, in Moscow, Russia, January 20, 2017. The advertising board reads "Army of Russia. Extra 10 percent discount on the occasion of the inauguration of U.S. President Donald Trump. For employees of the embassy and U.S. citizens. January 20, 2017". REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES. - RTSWEIH

    A store located opposite the U.S. Embassy in Moscow advertises a discount on the occasion of the inauguration President Donald Trump. Photo by REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin

    MOSCOW — Champagne corks popped Friday in Moscow as Russians celebrated the start of Donald Trump’s presidency, confident of better relations ahead between the two countries.

    “It’s weird, but it’s great, and for the first time ever Russians are applauding the victory of a U.S. presidential candidate. It’s a sign of the times,” political analyst Stanislav Byshok said.

    Trump’s promises to fix ravaged relations with Moscow have elated Russia’s political elite following spiraling tensions with Washington over the Ukrainian crisis, the war in Syria and allegations of Russian meddling in the U.S. election.

    “We are ready to do our share of the work in order to improve the relationship,” Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said on Facebook.

    About 100 Trump sympathizers, nationalists and spin doctors gathered at a party just a few hundred meters away from the Kremlin to celebrate Friday, with a triptych of Trump, Russian President Vladimir Putin and French nationalist politician Marine Le Pen in the center of the hall.

    An hour before Trump took the stage in Washington, the sound of opening champagne bottles echoed in the vaulted hall. The party was co-sponsored by the conservative Tsargrad TV channel, which is led by ultra-right ideologue Alexander Dugin.

    “Yes, it’s a holiday,” said a beaming Dmitry Rode, a communications executive with a glass of champagne in his hand. “We all hope that relations between our countries and more importantly between our peoples will help to develop our economies. We’re neighbors, we’re just 50 kilometers (30 miles) away from each other.”

    Some party-goers wore Guy Fawkes masks, associated with hackers, in a sly reference to charges that Russia interfered in the U.S. election.

    “I’m happy for all Russian hackers,” said 27-year old Filip Nikolsky, who wore a sweatshirt with the “You’ve Been Hacked” slogan.

    He said he doesn’t know if the allegations are true but “if it’s true, why shouldn’t we be happy?”

    Still, the mood at the party in downtown Moscow was subdued compared to outbursts of joy at the news of Trump’s victory in November.

    Revelers on Friday watched Trump make his inauguration speech in silence, and no one stood up for the American anthem, although the host suggested that all Americans should do so.

    At another Moscow nightclub, several dozen people began toasting Trump late Thursday.

    Willi Tokarev, 82, a singer who emigrated to the U.S. in the mid-1970s and later became a music legend in Russia, topped the entertainment bill with his song “Trumplissimo America!”

    Trump’s praise for Putin has raised expectations that he could move to normalize ties, although Trump hasn’t articulated a clear policy and some of his Cabinet nominees have made hawkish statements on Russia.

    Leonid Slutsky, the head of the foreign affairs committee in the lower house of parliament, expressed hope that Trump will move to establish constructive ties with Moscow, but cautioned that there is no “magic button” to instantly achieve that.

    “We expect a slow but steady revival of our relations,” he said.

    Dmitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, predicted that Moscow will face a pragmatic but very tough partner in Trump.

    “Russia’s potential is incomparable to that of the United States,” he said, adding that Moscow will have to apply a lot of skills “to play from the position of weakness and not lose.”

    Speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov voiced hope that Trump will work with Putin on solving the Ukrainian crisis and other problems, but warned against expectations of quick progress.

    “Difficulties will remain,” he said.

    Angela Charlton in Davos, Switzerland contributed to this report.

    The post Champagne corks pop in Moscow to celebrate Trump’s inauguration appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    A firefighter helicopter flies over the town of Penne, central Italy, following a series of earthquakes and a snow avalanche hitting a hotel in central Italy, January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Emiliano Grillotti FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES - RTSWFP5

    A firefighter helicopter flies over the town of Penne, central Italy, following a series of earthquakes and a snow avalanche hitting a hotel in central Italy on Jan. 20, 2017. Photo by REUTERS/Emiliano Grillotti

    Rescue workers as of Friday evening have found 10 survivors after an avalanche destroyed a hotel in central Italy, according to the Associated Press.

    A boy and his mother were pulled out of the debris at Hotel Rigopiano on Friday evening. Other survivors were located nearby and crews planned to work to free them, Reuters reported. Officials have confirmed the death of four people.

    Firefighters rescue a survivor from Hotel Rigopiano in Farindola, central Italy, hit by an avalanche, in this handout picture released on January 20, 2017 provided by Italy's Fire Fighters. Vigili del Fuoco/Handout via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. EDITORIAL USE ONLY. - RTSWGAQ

    Firefighters rescue a survivor from Hotel Rigopiano. Photo by Vigili del Fuoco/Handout via REUTERS

    “There’s always hope. If there were no hope the rescuers wouldn’t give everything they’ve got,” Italian Department of Civil Protection official Fabrizio Curcio said to Reuters TV.

    Officials estimated 30 people were inside the mountainside hotel when an avalanche swallowed the resort Wednesday afternoon.

    A series of tremors preceded the avalanche, hitting central Italy early Wednesday with magnitudes ranging from 4.1 to 5.7, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

    A roadsign shows the Rigopiano direction in the town of Farindola, central Italy, following a series of earthquakes and a snow avalanche hitting a hotel in central Italy, January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Emiliano Grillotti FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES - RTSWFN8

    A road sign in the town of Farindola, following a series of earthquakes and a snow avalanche hitting a hotel in central Italy. Photo by REUTERS/Emiliano Grillotti

    Heavy snows have socked the mountainous Abruzzo region this season, and rescue workers fought through a snowstorm to get to the resort. Helicopters transported some crew to the hotel, while others had to plow a fresh path to the wreckage through more than 15 feet of snow, according to Reuters.

    Rescue workers did not arrive on the scene until 11 hours after the avalanche, which critics called too slow, prompting a court investigation, Reuters reported.

    The post Rescuers search for survivors after avalanche hits hotel in central Italy appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    President Donald Trump celebrates after inauguration ceremonies swearing him in as the 45th president of the United States on the West front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, U.S., January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Carlos Barria (UNITED STATES - Tags: POLITICS) - RTSWIU1

    President Donald Trump celebrates after inauguration ceremonies swearing him in as the 45th president of the United States. Photo by REUTERS/Carlos Barria

    Here is the full text of Donald Trump’s inaugural address, delivered Friday, Jan. 20, 2017, after his swearing-in as the 45th president of the United States.

    Chief Justice Roberts, President Carter, President Clinton, President Bush, President Obama, fellow Americans, and people of the world: Thank you.

    We, the citizens of America, are now joined in a great national effort to rebuild our country and to restore its promise for all of our people.

    Together we will determine the course of America and the world for many, many years to come.

    We will face challenges, we will confront hardships but we will get the job done.

    Every four years we gather on these steps to carry out the orderly and peaceful transfer of power and we are grateful to President Obama and First Lady Michele Obama for their gracious aid in this transition. They have been magnificent. Thank you.

    Today’s ceremony has very special meaning because today we are not merely transferring power from one administration to another or one party to another but we are transferring power from Washington, D.C., and giving it back to you, the people.

    For too long a small group in our nation’s capital has reaped the rewards of government while the people have borne the cost. Washington flourished but the people did not share in its wealth. Politicians prospered but the jobs left and the factories closed. The establishment protected itself but not the citizens of our country. Their victories have not been your victories, their triumphs have not been your triumphs.

    And while they celebrated in our nation’s capital there was little to celebrate for struggling families all across our land.

    That all changes right here and right now because this moment is your moment. It belongs to you.

    “What truly matters is not which party controls our government but whether our government is controlled by the people.”

    It belongs to everyone gathered here today, and everyone watching all across America.

    This is your day, this is your celebration, and this, the United States of America, is your country.

    What truly matters is not which party controls our government but whether our government is controlled by the people. Jan. 20, 2017, will be remembered as the day the people became the rulers of this nation again.

    The forgotten men and women of this country will be forgotten no longer.

    Everyone is listening to you now. You came by the tens of millions to become part of a historic movement the likes of which the world has never seen before.

    At the center of this movement is a crucial conviction that a nation exists to serve its citizens. Americans want great schools for their children, safe neighborhoods for their families and good jobs for themselves. These are just and reasonably demands of righteous people and a righteous public.

    But for too many of our citizens a different reality exists

    Mothers and children trapped in poverty in our inner cities; rusted-out factories scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation; an education system flush with cash but which leaves our young and beautiful students deprived of all knowledge. And the crime and the gangs and the drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so much unrealized potential.

    This American carnage stops right here and stops right now.

    We are one nation – and their pain is our pain. Their dreams are our dreams; and their success will be our success. We share one heart, one home, and one glorious destiny.

    The oath of office I take today is an oath of allegiance to all Americans.

    For many decades, we’ve enriched foreign industry at the expense of American industry; subsidized the armies of other countries while allowing for the very sad depletion of our military; we’ve defended other nation’s borders while refusing to defend our own; and spent trillions of dollars overseas while America’s infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and decay.

    We’ve made other countries rich while the wealth, strength, and confidence of our country has dissipated over the horizon.

    One by one, the factories shuttered and left our shores, with not even a thought about the millions and millions of American workers that were left behind.

    The wealth of our middle class has been ripped from their homes and then redistributed across the entire world.

    But that is the past. And now we are looking only to the future.

    “From this day forward, it’s going to be only America First.”

    We assembled here today are issuing a new decree to be heard in every city, in every foreign capital, and in every hall of power.

    From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land.

    From this day forward, it’s going to be only America First.

    Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs, will be made to benefit American workers and American families.

    We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies, and destroying our jobs. Protection will lead to great prosperity and strength.

    I will fight for you with every breath in my body – and I will never, ever let you down.

    America will start winning again, winning like never before.

    We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.

    “We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.”

    We will build new roads, and highways, and bridges, and airports, and tunnels, and railways all across our wonderful nation.

    We will get our people off of welfare and back to work – rebuilding our country with American hands and American labor.

    We will follow two simple rules: Buy American and hire American.

    We will seek friendship and goodwill with the nations of the world – but we do so with the understanding that it is the right of all nations to put their own interests first.

    We do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone, but rather to let it shine as an example — we will shine — for everyone to follow.

    We will reinforce old alliances and form new ones – and unite the civilized world against radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate completely from the face of the Earth.

    At the bedrock of our politics will be a total allegiance to the United States of America, and through our loyalty to our country, we will rediscover our loyalty to each other.

    When you open your heart to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice.

    The Bible tells us, “How good and pleasant it is when God’s people live together in unity.”

    We must speak our minds openly, debate our disagreements honestly, but always pursue solidarity.

    When America is united, America is totally unstoppable.

    There should be no fear – we are protected, and we will always be protected.

    We will be protected by the great men and women of our military and law enforcement and, most importantly, we are protected by God.

    Finally, we must think big and dream even bigger.

    In America, we understand that a nation is only living as long as it is striving.

    We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action – constantly complaining but never doing anything about it.

    The time for empty talk is over.

    Now arrives the hour of action.

    Do not let anyone tell you it cannot be done. No challenge can match the heart and fight and spirit of America.

    We will not fail. Our country will thrive and prosper again.

    We stand at the birth of a new millennium, ready to unlock the mysteries of space, to free the Earth from the miseries of disease, and to harness the energies, industries and technologies of tomorrow.

    A new national pride will stir our souls, lift our sights, and heal our divisions.

    “Together, we will make America strong again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud again. We will make America safe again. And yes, together we will make America great again…”

    It is time to remember that old wisdom our soldiers will never forget: that whether we are black or brown or white, we all bleed the same red blood of patriots, we all enjoy the same glorious freedoms, and we all salute the same great American flag.

    And whether a child is born in the urban sprawl of Detroit or the wind-swept plains of Nebraska, they look up at the same night sky, they fill their heart with the same dreams, and they are infused with the breath of life by the same almighty Creator.

    So to all Americans, in every city near and far, small and large, from mountain to mountain, and from ocean to ocean, hear these words:

    You will never be ignored again.

    Your voice, your hopes, and your dreams will define our American destiny. And your courage and goodness and love will forever guide us along the way.

    Together, we will make America strong again.

    We will make America wealthy again.

    We will make America proud again.

    We will make America safe again.

    And yes, together we will make America great again. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless America.

    The post Transcript: Read President Trump’s full inaugural address appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    U.S. President Donald Trump gives a thumbs up after being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States on the West front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, U.S., January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Carlos Barria - RTSWIJE

    President Donald Trump gives a thumbs up after being sworn in as the 45th president of the United States on the West front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, U.S., January 20, 2017. Photo by REUTERS/Carlos Barria

    WASHINGTON — Donald Trump’s inaugural address held familiar echoes of the campaign speeches that led to his presidential win: downbeat about the state of the nation, to the point of hyperbole. Here’s a look at some of his assertions Friday.

    Read President Trump’s full inaugural address

    TRUMP: “The jobs left, and the factories closed … the wealth, strength and confidence of our country has disappeared over the horizon.”

    THE FACTS: The U.S. economy is a lot healthier than the wreck Trump describes. Jobs have increased for a record 75 straight months. The U.S. unemployment rate was 4.7 percent in December, close to a nine-year low and to what economists consider full employment.

    From July through September, the economy expanded at a 3.5 percent annual pace — the fastest in two years. The Federal Reserve is so confident in the resiliency of the economy that it raised interest rates last month for only the second time in a decade. While wage growth has been sluggish since the Great Recession ended in mid-2009, declining unemployment and steady job growth are starting to force businesses to offer higher pay to find and attract new workers.

    And in 2015, the income for a typical household jumped 5.2 percent to an inflation-adjusted $56,516, the largest annual growth in nearly five decades, according to the Census Bureau. Average hourly pay rose last year at the fastest pace in more than seven years.

    TRUMP: “We’ve defended other nation’s borders while refusing to defend our own.”

    THE FACTS: Hardly. Since 2001, the U.S. has more than doubled the ranks of the Border Patrol, which now has nearly 20,000 agents. The vast majority of those are stationed along the Mexican border, where about 408,000 people were apprehended during the budget year that ended in September.

    TRUMP: The U.S. has “subsidized the armies of other countries while allowing for the very sad depletion of our military.”

    THE FACTS: The U.S. military may have shortcomings, but it remains the world’s most advanced, expensive and far-flung fighting force. American military spending is nearly three times that of second-place China, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

    The Pentagon says it does have additional needs, including more ships, a replenished air fleet and bigger training budgets to prepare for large-scale combat.

    TRUMP: “We will reinforce old alliances and form new ones, and unite the civilized world against radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate completely from the face of the Earth.”

    THE FACTS: Quelling radical Islamic terrorism worldwide is a heavy lift in which the U.S. has been engaged for years, and Trump has offered no plan for how he will deliver on this promise.

    A U.S.-led coalition began battling Islamic extremism even before 9/11. In Afghanistan alone, the coalition has fought for more than 15 years to prevent al-Qaida and other radical groups from regaining a safe harbor there. Getting the help of NATO allies might prove diplomatically challenging since Trump has called NATO “obsolete” and says European members aren’t paying their fair share.

    The threat is only growing. The Islamic State has a global reach, and attacks linked to radical extremism have occurred in the United States, France, Belgium, Turkey and countries throughout northern Africa.

    Associated Press writers Alicia A. Caldwell, Robert Burns and Deb Riechmann contributed to this report.

    The post AP fact check: Trump’s inaugural speech appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    President Donald Trump shakes hands with House Speaker Paul Ryan as he is joined by the Congressional leadership and his family as he formally signs his cabinet nominations into law, in the President's Room of the Senate, at the Capitol in Washington, D.C., U.S., January 20, 2017. REUTERS/J. Scott Applewhite/Pool - RTSWKIR

    President Donald Trump shakes hands with House Speaker Paul Ryan as he is joined by the Congressional leadership and his family as he formally signs his cabinet nominations into law. Photo by REUTERS/J. Scott Applewhite/Pool

    WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump quickly assumed the mantle of the White House and began setting up his new administration on Friday, signing a bill that allows retired Gen. James Mattis to serve as his defense secretary, as well as the nomination papers for his other Cabinet choices.

    Less than an hour after delivering a stinging rebuke of the political status quo in his inaugural address, Trump sat in an ornate room steps from the Senate floor to officially assemble his core team. Flanked by Vice President Mike Pence and congressional leaders, he praised each of his nominees as he signed the papers and handed out the pens he was using. He also engaged in banter with his new congressional rivals, including Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer of New York and House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California.

    Trump also signed a proclamation declaring a national day of patriotism, according to a tweet from White House spokesman Sean Spicer.

    Although Trump campaigned on promises to get to work immediately, he has since backed off some of his promised speed, downplaying the importance of a rapid-fire approach to complex issues that may involve negotiations with Congress or foreign leaders. Trump has said that he expects Monday to be the first big workday, his effective Day One.

    The bill passed by Congress last week grants Mattis a one-time exception from federal law barring former U.S. service members who have been out of uniform for less than seven years from holding the top Pentagon job. The restriction is meant to preserve civilian control of the military. Mattis, 66, retired from the Marine Corps in 2013.

    While Trump participated in the rituals of the day that included the inaugural parade and balls, there were signs his new government was up and running. Federal websites and agencies immediately began reflecting the transfer of power, and WhiteHouse.gov was revamped for Trump’s policy priorities as pages about LGBT rights and the Obama administration’s climate change plan were eliminated.

    But the Trump team kept a section of the website that let voters petition the White House. Two new petitions were posted Friday: one calling on him to release his tax returns and verify that he is not receiving payments from foreign governments, the other asking him to divest of his holdings or put them in a blind trust.

    Shortly after Trump became president, the Department of Housing and Urban Development suspended the Obama administration’s planned reduction of mortgage insurance premium rates, a move that had been intended to make buying a home more affordable.

    At the signing ceremony at the Capitol, Pelosi jokingly objected to receiving a pen used to nominate Rep. Tom Price of Georgia to lead the Department of Health and Human Services. House Speaker Paul Ryan interjected, “I’ll take it.”

    Trump has affirmed parts of the 18-point Day One plan he campaigned on, indicating that significant policy announcements may be teed up in the opening days of the Trump administration.

    He still intends to withdraw from the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership deal, which he views as detrimental to U.S. businesses and workers. He has also promised to renegotiate the two-decades-old Clinton era North American Free Trade Agreement or withdraw from it.

    Given Trump’s opposition to Obama’s immigration actions, he could also cancel the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, which has protected about 750,000 young immigrants from deportation. The program also offered those immigrants work permits.

    Trump also faces an early choice of naming a Supreme Court justice to fill the vacancy left by the late Justice Antonin Scalia. Trump has said he will announce a nominee in about two weeks.

    Other issues poised to receive early action include energy, where Trump is likely to undo regulations on oil drilling and coal, and cybersecurity, where he has already said he will ask for a report on the strength of the nation’s cyber defenses within 90 days of taking office.

    Associated Press writer Alicia A. Caldwell contributed to this report.

    The post President Trump begins setting up his new administration appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    Protesters And Trump Supporters Gather In D.C. For Donald Trump Inauguration — WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 20: People watch from the National Mall the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. Washington and the entire nation are preparing for the transfer of the United States presidency later today as Donald Trump is sworn is as the 45th president Friday. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

    Our reporters followed seven different people on the eve of President Donald Trump’s Inauguration and Inauguration Day. Here are their stories.

    Anna Scott Marsh at the  South Carolina state ball at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. on Thursday, January 19, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Anna Scott Marsh at the South Carolina state ball at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C. on Thursday, January 19, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Anna Scott Marsh

    Age: 19

    Hometown: Raleigh, North Carolina

    Occupation: student

    Political Affiliation: Republican, Trump supporter

    It took Anna Scott Marsh three hours to walk three miles in brown suede boots she says will be ruined by day’s end, but she made it to President-elect Donald Trump’s inauguration.

    On the Mall, listening to the band play American patriotic standards, the 19-year-old communications student watched governors, members of Congress and Supreme Court justices walk in: “This is so patriotic,” she said. “I’ve never felt more American in my life.”

    And as Trump’s motorcade arrived on the Jumbotron and the crowd roared “USA! USA!,” Marsh laughed and said, “It feels like Christmas morning.”

    Marsh belongs to a sorority, has competed as Miss North Carolina USA, and she’s pure Carolina Tar Heel. She also burns with ambition and wants to rebuild the modern Republican Party.

    “As a young conservative woman, there are so many opportunities for me to obtain that I don’t think would have existed 40 years ago.”

    Marsh, who serves as College Republican president at Furman University in Greenville, South Carolina, said she campaigned for presidential candidate Ted Cruz and met his wife: “I was filmed on TV sitting next to Heidi Cruz,” she said. “It was the highlight of my life.” She was surprised when Cruz endorsed Trump, but she said his sacrifice united a fractured Republican Party.

    And while President-elect Donald Trump’s comments about Heidi Cruz “ticked off” Marsh, she said Trump campaign strategist Kellyanne Conway inspires her. She voted for Trump, and she said he truly won her over with his picks for cabinet and vice-president: “He’s appointed a lot of people that make it a little more diverse, and that’s something I’m really proud of.”

    Growing up, Marsh and her family talked Grand Ole Party politics around the supper table, surrounded by old guard Republicans. Her father keeps a framed photograph of Marsh sitting in the lap of his old boss, former North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms, in his office. Today, she said conservative politics are more inclusive and are no longer just about “old, rich, white men.”

    “As a young conservative woman, there are so many opportunities for me to obtain that I don’t think would have existed 40 years ago.”

    Three more hours and four more miles later, after watching the first family and the swearing in and pulling on her poncho as it started to rain during Trump’s speech and then finally leaving the Mall, Marsh entered the bustling Ronald Reagan center cafeteria, where the smell of pizza hung heavy in the air.

    “I’ve died and gone to heaven,” she said. “Trump is president. And we found a food court.”

    Reported by Laura Santhanam

    Katie Shelley of Florida at the National 4-H Conference Center in Chevy Chase, MD on Wednesday, January 18, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Katie Shelley of Florida at the National 4-H Conference Center in Chevy Chase, MD on Wednesday, January 18, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Katie Shelley

    Age: 15

    Occupation: student

    Hometown: Land O’Lakes, Florida

    For 18 hours, Katie Shelley rode a charter bus filled with 50 4H high school students traveling from Orlando, Florida, to Washington, D.C. Her first trip to the nation’s capitol, the teen eagerly awaited the chance to watch history unfold Friday during President-elect Donald Trump’s inauguration.

    Shelley was too young to vote in the 2016 presidential election, but she supported Hillary Clinton, a nominee who she said would inspire little girls to “dream big.” The day after Clinton’s loss, Shelley said she wore black funeral attire to school. But since then, Shelley said she has made peace with Trump’s election.

    “He will be our president, and the American people did choose him. We just have to respect him because he will be our leader,” she said. “We’re all still Americans.”

    At the 4H National Conference Center, Shelley learns about civic and political engagement with more than 500 teenagers from 25 states. The teens on Wednesday wrapped up a night-view tour of national monuments. Shelley took a selfie with the Eleanor Roosevelt monument, but she said her favorite site was the one dedicated to Martin Luther King, Jr.

    “He will be our president, and the American people did choose him. We just have to respect him because he will be our leader,” she said. “We’re all still Americans.”

    The collection of King’s quotes around the memorial impressed her. Her favorite: “Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.”

    Shelley added that she appreciated the fact that King’s monument was left unfinished. It “signifies there’s more to be done,” she said.

    Reported by Laura Santhanam

    Gary Nystrom of Iowa visits the World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, Jan. 18, 2017. Nystrom’s father and uncles fought in World War II. “It’s a shame the way the veterans have been treated,” he said. Nystrom believes that Donald Trump will change that. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Gary Nystrom of Iowa visits the World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, Jan. 18, 2017. Nystrom’s father and uncles fought in World War II. “It’s a shame the way the veterans have been treated,” he said. Nystrom believes that Donald Trump will change that. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Gary Nystrom

    Age: 62

    Occupation: president of Pritchard Bros. Plumbing & Heating

    Location: Boone, Iowa

    Political affiliation: registered Republican

    “It was chilling,” said Gary Nystrom as President Donald Trump ended his speech. “He hit the nail right on the head.”

    Nystrom, 62, was so excited for inauguration that he barely slept. He was awake when his alarm rang at 5:30 a.m., and by 6:30, cups of hotel coffee in hand, he and his wife were walking down H street in the pitch dark. They passed police officers in military gear and trucks blockading streets. The crowds were already out and a camaraderie had formed.

    “Thank you,” Nystrom said catching the eye of a police officer he passed by. “Thank you for your support,” the officer said back.

    For Nystrom, attending inauguration in Washington, DC with his wife Cathy was a fulfilling way of topping off a triumphant election year.

    “I think it’s history in the making,” said Nystrom of why he’s there. “Trump is going to make changes that not everyone agrees with, but it’s time for that. He’s not a politician, he’s a businessman.”

    “Trump is going to make changes that not everyone agrees with, but it’s time for that. He’s not a politician, he’s a businessman.”

    The lifelong Republican took to Trump early in the election, meeting the candidate and his sons as they campaigned through Iowa and stopped in the small farming and railroad community of Boone in September 2015. Although impressed, he said, by Trump’s sincerity from the get-go, Nystrom held off vocalizing his early support of the candidate; as a city councilman and caucus leader, he felt it his duty to not sway the caucus process.

    Nystrom has lived all his life in Boone, a town of 13,000, that saw railroad jobs disappear as the coal that was shipped through the railroad town became scarce. While Boone County leaned Democratic in 2008 and 2012, 53 percent voted for Trump in 2016. His two kids and his five grandkids all remain in Boone, and he’s proud of his family’s values — something he says is lacking today.

    Nystrom, too, is a businessman — “on a lot smaller scale” than Mr. Trump, he added. As the president of Pritchard Bros. Plumbing & Heating, he manages a 12-man team. Trump’s business chops — someone who knows how to balance a budget and make payroll — he believes, are necessary in Washington.

    “He’s not a normal presidential candidate — Republican or Democrat,” Nystrom said. But, he said, we don’t need normal; we need someone special, someone “outspoken, bold and brash” to change the direction of the country.

    Thanks to Trump, Iowa isn’t just “fly-over country” anymore.

    Just days after Trump won, Nystrom bought tickets to fly to Washington and booked a hotel. Then the invitations came flooding in — for the viewing party with Iowa’s Republican Party, the inaugural ball, the whiskey ball and an official inaugural invite. The city councilman had always been active in the community, seeing it as his civic duty, but his work in the past two to three years, fundraising for Republican candidates in Iowa and even coordinating Trump’s visit, seemed to have endeared him to state Republicans.

    Despite his ardent support for the new president, Nystrom had strong feelings for the crowd’s response to Trump’s competitor Hillary Clinton.

    “I didn’t like the booing,” he said, referring to the crowd response when Hillary Clinton was introduced and panned to on the Jumbotron. “We need to keep ourselves to a higher level. If we are going to move things forward, we have to stay above the mudslinging level.”

    Reported by Kristen Doerer

    Jessica Rodriguez, 31, says she voted for Donald Trump because they shared the "same business values."  Photo by Joshua Barajas

    Jessica Rodriguez, 31, says she voted for Donald Trump because they shared the “same business values.” Photo by Joshua Barajas

    Jessica Rodriguez

    Age: 31

    Occupation: Real estate broker

    Location: McAllen, TX

    When the 2016 election got underway, Jessica Rodriguez, 31, had her doubts about Donald Trump. Both Trump and his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, were weighed down by “bad publicity,” said Rodriguez, who lives in McAllen, Texas.

    Clinton struggled to overcome questions about her private email server. And Trump sparked an outcry from many Latinos in his campaign announcement speech at Trump Tower, where he said that Mexican immigrants to the U.S. were “bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists. And some, I assume, are good people.”

    Those comments set the tone for the remainder of his election. Over the next year, Trump repeatedly said he planned to deport undocumented workers, and vowed to make Mexico pay for a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border, among other controversial measures.

    “I just hope [Trump’s policies won’t be] malicious, and will not come to bite back the Latino community that has supported him.

    Democrats banked on a “Trump effect” among Latino voters, assuming that many would turn out for Clinton.

    But in the end, Rodriguez, a Mexican-American real estate broker, said she decided to back Trump anyway. She wasn’t alone.

    Trump received 28 percent of the Latino vote, according to exit polls, a much higher number than most experts predicted. Mitt Romney, the Republican presidential nominee in 2012, received 27 percent of the Latino vote.

    Other polls have shown Trump winning a smaller portion of the Latino vote, different than what was reported by exit polls.

    “We share the same business values,” Rodriguez said on Thursday night at Latino Inaugural 2017, one of the many pro-Trump balls held in Washington D.C. as part of the inaugural festivities.

    As Trump takes office, Rodriguez said she hoped Trump would improve the economy, lower the national debt, and make changes to the country’s health care system.

    “I just hope [Trump’s policies won’t be] malicious, and will not come to bite back the Latino community that has supported him.”

    Reported by Joshua Barajas

    Mitch Kennedy stands on Constitution Ave on Thursday, January 19, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Mitch Kennedy stands on Constitution Ave on Thursday, January 19, 2017. Photo by Abbey Oldham

    Mitch Kennedy

    Age: 36

    From: Lives in Savannah, GA

    Occupation: Claims services representative

    Political affiliation: Democrat. Voted for Bernie Sanders in the primary, Hillary Clinton in the general election.

    Mitch Kennedy stood in line for more than two hours at two separate inauguration checkpoints this morning wearing a tiny “F*CK Trump Keep America Great” pin. He was headed to protests near the U.S. Navy Memorial, hosted by an antiwar and antiracism activist group based in New York, but he was not looking for trouble.

    “There’s a lot of people standing up to Trump, so I just want to be here in solidarity with them,” he said.

    Kennedy, who is 36, and lives in Savannah, GA, had originally planned to take his sister and 9-year-old niece to celebrate the inauguration of the first female president. When President Donald Trump was elected, a candidate whose temperament worried Kennedy, he decided to protest Inauguration Day instead.

    Mitch took a quiet approach to his protest, but hundreds were more aggressive, knocking over newspaper boxes and throwing rocks and bricks at police outfitted in full riot gear. Ninety five people were arrested, two police officers and one other person were sent to the hospital, and a limo was set on fire downtown. Windows were smashed at a Starbucks and a Bank of America.

    Violence was believed to have been initiated by Black Bloc protesters, but Kennedy’s protest looked very different.

    The main reason Kennedy came to protest is because the new administration may repeal the Affordable Care Act, which he says changed his life.

    For eight years, Kennedy suffered from a prescription drug problem, becoming addicted to Klonapin — of the class of drugs Benzodiazepines, commonly called “benzos” — after being prescribed the psychoactive drug for depression after college.

    “Then I started doing other drugs and got into a car wreck. I’d been up for four days, and drove off the road, because I fell asleep,” he said. “I told the policeman I had been working all night. I was lucky I didn’t get arrested.”

    “There’s a lot of people standing up to Trump. I just want to be here in solidarity with them,” he said.

    The wreck convinced Kennedy that he needed to seek help. Kennedy was able to go into treatment because of health insurance he obtained under the Affordable Care Act. He has now been clean for 2.5 years, and works as a claims services representative, where he receives employer-based insurance. He has plans to become a high school social studies teacher.

    “If I hadn’t been able to go and get treatment, I don’t know what my life would be like now,” Kennedy said. “So Obamacare means a lot to me.”

    He came to protest the inauguration with a friend he met in recovery in Savannah. Kennedy left his sister and niece at home, who, he said, “was really sad when Trump won.”

    “But I told her, ‘Sometimes people have to make mistakes in life to learn,” he said. “Now I think that’s what our country has to do.'”

    Kennedy is also planning to participate in Saturday’s Women’s March on Washington.

    Reported by Elizabeth Flock

    Photo by Kenya Downs from 5th and K Street restaurant location

    Photo by Kenya Downs from 5th and K Street restaurant location

    Andy Shallal

    Age: 61

    From: Washington, D.C. by way of Iraq

    Occupation: Founder and CEO of Busboys and Poets, Producer of the Peace Ball: Voices of Hope and Resistance

    Political affiliation: Progressive

    In 2009 and 2013, during Barack Obama’s inaugural festivities, the Busboys and Poets chain was a 24-hour hub for food, fun and political engagement. But the restaurants are not staying open as late this time around, said Busboys founder Andy Shallal.

    “The people who are coming to celebrate will have a welcoming place to gather,” he’s quick to add.

    Shallal said he empathizes with Trump’s critics. But, he said, his experience as a Muslim immigrant made him more committed to extending an olive branch to people with opposing views.

    “It’s not about a president, it’s not about a moment,” Shallal added. “It’s really about movements that allow systemic change to take shape.”

    “One thing we shouldn’t do is run away from it,” he said. “This is an opportunity for us [Washingtonians] to connect with people different from ourselves.”

    The night before Inauguration Day, Shallal produced an event, the Peace Ball: Voices of Hope and Resistance, which was aimed at giving people of different backgrounds an opportunity to engage with each other.

    The non-partisan inaugural event launched after Barack Obama’s election in 2008 as a platform for political discourse. As speaker and activist Angela Davis told the crowd of nearly 1,500 attendees at the event on Thursday night, “In our resistance, we need art. We need music. We need poetry.”

    Busboys and Poets will continue to provide a platform for artistic resistance, even as an incoming Republican administration moves into a progressive city, Shallal said.

    “A lot of Washingtonians tend to have an ‘I don’t care’ attitude, but when we’re isolated behind our little computers, there’s a feeling that we’re alone,” he said. “This time is about getting more involved.”

    “It’s not about a president, it’s not about a moment,” Shallal added. “It’s really about movements that allow systemic change to take shape.”

    Reported by Kenya Downs

    "Reed Goodson, 17,  has never been to Washington, D.C. The saxophonist joined 167 other classmates who traveled from Tupelo, Mississippi, to the nation's capital.

    “Reed Goodson, 17, has never been to Washington, D.C. The saxophonist joined 167 other classmates who traveled from Tupelo, Mississippi, to the nation’s capital.

    Tupelo High
    School band

    From: Tupelo, MS

    Occupation: students

    During the long hike through the National Mall on Thursday, a D.C. tour guide told a Tupelo, Mississippi, high school band, “This is history in the making,” gesturing with a rainbow-striped umbrella in hand. “You’re gonna be a part of this tomorrow,” he added, as rehearsal music nearby the Capitol swelled.

    A group of 168 students from the Tupelo High School band is scheduled to march in the inaugural parade on Friday. Although other groups, like Talladega College, have received criticism for their involvement with the inauguration, the Tupelo band has only seen minor pushback.

    Band director Rick Murphy said the weekend wasn’t about being Democrat or Republican.

    “It’s not about red or blue. It’s about red, white and blue,” he said.

    The band’s participation is a point of pride for the “big town,” Murphy said. The band, along with its color guard and cheerleaders, bused more than 800 miles this week to reach the nation’s capitol. Two local television crews rode with the students, documenting their journey.

    “I think a lot of people who have never been to the south, to Mississippi, have a very skewed vision of what we’re like,” she added.

    The last time the Mississippi city was represented at an inaugural parade was more than 27 years ago, when the band participated in President George H.W. Bush’s inauguration in 1989.

    During their D.C. tour yesterday, several folks shouted “Tupelo!” as the students walked by.

    “Some have been saying ‘Tu-PAY-lo’ as if it’s French or something,” one student said to another.

    One man asked, “Is this Tupelo, Mississippi?” When a chaperone confirmed that it was, he gave a thumbs up. Another passerby shouted, “I saw you on TV, all the way from North Carolina!”

    Julie Word, 42, a Tupelo nurse who’s helping chaperone, said she hopes the students get a positive experience out of this trip by witnessing the history they often read about in textbooks. When asked about the importance of the band’s visibility during the inauguration, Word said she feels that sometimes the state is ignored.

    “Every time Mississippi is in a statistic, it’s always in a negative way. We’re always counted toward the bottom,” Word said.

    “I think a lot of people who have never been to the south, to Mississippi, have a very skewed vision of what we’re like,” she added.

    In front of the Washington monument, the tour guide said that the iconic structure was an obelisk and joked that “on a clear day, you can see Tupelo” from the top.

    Reported by Joshua Barajas

    The post Seven people. Seven different perspectives on Inauguration Day. appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    U.S. President Barack Obama talks on a phone with Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai from his vehicle outside the Jane E. Lawton Community Center in Chevy Chase, Maryland, in this handout photograph taken and released on March 11, 2012. Obama said on Sunday he was "deeply saddened" by the killing of Afghan civilians by a U.S. soldier and that the incident, seen as likely to inflame tense U.S-Afghan relations, did not reflect the U.S. respect for the Afghan people.    REUTERS/Pete Souza/Handout (UNITED STATES - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY) FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS - RTR2Z82V

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: Finally tonight: As former President Obama now embarks on life after the White House, flying to California for vacation, few people had as intimate a view of him as the man tasked with taking his picture.

    John Yang is back with that story.

    JOHN YANG: For the past eight years, Pete Souza has watched history through the viewfinder of his camera.

    PETE SOUZA, Former Chief Official White House Photographer: To walk into the Oval Office every day, to walk along the Colonnade to photograph this man every day has just been a unique experience.

    JOHN YANG: He was behind the scenes for world-changing events, like the May afternoon in 2011 when U.S. special forces killed Osama bin Laden.

    PETE SOUZA: This was in the Situation Room. You can see in the faces how tense this was to watch.

    The interesting thing to me is, you can see the brigadier general that is sitting in what would be considered the president’s chair. And he stood up to give the president his chair. And the president’s like, “No, no, no, you stay where you’re at, because you’re in control here. And I will just pull up a chair.”

    JOHN YANG: There were days of sadness, like preparing for the 2012 prayer service for the young victims of the Newtown, Connecticut, school shooting. It meant President Obama would miss his own daughter’s dance recital. Instead, he went to her dress rehearsal.

    PETE SOUZA: Sasha’s participation was, I think, in three of the 16 performances. So, when she was dancing, he was totally focused on watching her. And then, when she left the stage and other people were dancing, he was editing his speech.

    And you can see just the — that little subtle look on his face. He’s still very emotional.

    JOHN YANG: Emotions that would touch Souza as well.

    PETE SOUZA: Newtown was the one time where I had tears. It was very difficult to watch him greet these families.

    Just imagine all of them meeting the president for the first time in the worst of circumstances. And I would say that was the one time where, emotionally, I couldn’t hide how I was feeling.

    JOHN YANG: And you’re not just capturing the moments of history, the big moments of the presidency. You’re capturing the small, human moments as well.

    PETE SOUZA: And, to me, those are my — probably my favorite moments is little unexpected gems, as I call them, that happen on occasion.

    JOHN YANG: Like this otherwise routine Oval Office meeting with a departing staff member and his family.

    PETE SOUZA: The man’s son Jacob asked the president if he could feel his head, because his friends had told him that he had the exact same haircut as the president.

    So, President Obama just kind of leaned down, and Jacob feels his head, and click.

    Over the years, this had kind of taken on somewhat of an iconic status, just because it showed the kind of person he is, meaning President Obama.

    JOHN YANG: Did you have any sense that it would because so iconic, so symbolic?

    PETE SOUZA: Absolutely not.


    PETE SOUZA: Even after we posted it on WhiteHouse.gov, I just didn’t realize how significant it would become.

    JOHN YANG: It’s one of many images Souza has captured of Mr. Obama with children.

    PETE SOUZA: I feel the joy and the disbelief that the president of the United States is lying on the rug of the Oval Office, hoisting up a little girl in her elephant costume.

    There’s that picture of him flexing muscles with Superman, or getting zapped by Spider-Man.

    JOHN YANG: Were you surprised when he sort of flies back when Spider-Man slings the web?

    PETE SOUZA: Sure. I mean, it’s, like, completely unexpected.

    And I always tell people that the only pressure of my job is to make sure I’m ready for those moments, and try not to mess them up.

    JOHN YANG: After two terms, the president jokes about his graying hair, but Souza says the man he sees through his camera lens has been constant.

    PETE SOUZA: You know, I have got to say that the core character of this man has not changed one iota. I mean, I think he’s still the same person he was that I met in January of 2005, when he was first elected to the Senate.

    Has he gotten older? Well, sure, but this is what happens, not just to a president. But, in terms of, like, his character, I honestly don’t think he has changed at all.

    JOHN YANG: For the PBS NewsHour, I’m John Yang at the White House.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Whatever your political views, you have to admire those photos.

    And you can watch our entire series The Obama Years, in which we spoke to many leaders in the outgoing administration. That’s on our Web site, PBS.org/NewsHour.

    The post The Obama White House, from the man behind the lens appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    Retired U.S. Marine Corps General James Mattis testifies before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination to serve as defense secretary in Washington, U.S. January 12, 2017.  REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst - RTX2YOX7

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: The new president is already weighing in on some policy matters.

    Within minutes of the swearing-in today, the White House Web site carried new statements. One promised a — quote — “state-of-the-art missile defense system to protect against attacks from states like Iran and North Korea.”

    Another condemned what it called the “dangerous anti-police atmosphere in America,” and promised it will end.

    At the same time, the Web site dropped all mention of climate change.

    The inauguration also reverberated around the world. In Moscow, Russians welcomed the new president with posters, special sales and parties, anticipating better relations with the U.S.

    And in a statement, Pope Francis urged President Trump to — quote — “be guided by the rich spiritual values that have shaped the history of the American people,” especially, he said, concern for the poor.

    Meanwhile, the U.S. Senate late this afternoon confirmed the first of Mr. Trump’s Cabinet nominees. Former Marine General James Mattis was approved as secretary of defense.

    And John Kelly, another former Marine general, won confirmation to head the Department of Homeland Security.

    The Mexican drug lord “El Chapo” Guzman pleaded not guilty today in New York to federal drug trafficking charges. He was extradited yesterday from Mexico, after twice escaping from prison there.

    Federal prosecutors in Brooklyn said today that it’s time he faced justice.

    ROBERT CAPERS, U.S. Attorney: Guzman’s destructive and murderous rise as an international narcotics trafficker is akin to that of a small, cancerous tumor that metastasized, and grew into a full-blown scourge that, for decades, littered the streets of Mexico with the casualties of violent drug wars over turf. And the same scourge helped to perpetrate the drug epidemic here in the U.S.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Mexican officials said the timing of the extradition was not related to the inauguration of President Trump.

    In Central Italy, a dramatic scene played out, as rescue crews found 10 people alive in a resort hotel crushed by an avalanche. They are among some 30 people thought to be trapped after the massive snowslide on Wednesday. Workers captured the moment today that two survivors were pulled from the snow, one of them a young boy amid cheers from the crews.

    MARCO BINI, Rescue Worker (through interpreter): They survived thanks to this bubble of air that formed inside the hotel. Finding them was really tough, because not only were we working in the middle of the debris, but we also had snow to deal with. It’s like an earthquake in the snow. It’s hard to describe. It’s something unbelievable. It’s awful.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: So far, the crews have also found four bodies.

    There is word that the defeated president of Gambia has agreed to step aside, apparently ending a political crisis. Officials in neighboring Senegal say final arrangements are still being worked out. Senegal and other West African states had sent in troops to force Yahya Jammeh to give up. The man who beat him in last month’s election, Adama Barrow, says what he terms Jammeh’s rule of fear is over.

    In economic news, China’s growth last year was the slowest since 1990. Beijing reported today that the growth rate ran at 6.7 percent.

    And, on Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average broke a five-day losing streak, and gained nearly 95 points today to close at 19827. The Nasdaq rose 15, and the S&P 500 added seven. It is up 6 percent since the election.

    The post News Wrap: Senate confirms Mattis, Kelly appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    women2 (1)

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: So, in addition to the protests today, there are plans for much more to come tomorrow.

    Women from around the country are making their way to the nation’s capital, with others preparing for events in cities around the globe. The crowds on the National Mall on Saturday are expected to be in the hundreds of thousands.

    William Brangham recently sat down at the Newseum with two organizers of tomorrow’s march, Bob Bland and Carmen Perez.

    William began by asking what they hope to accomplish.

    BOB BLAND, Co-Chair, Women’s March on Washington: We are bringing together women, men and allies from all different types of communities from all over the country to say that we’re standing in solidarity together to say that women’s rights are human rights.

    CARMEN PEREZ, Co-Chair, Women’s March on Washington: We are coming here so that we could show this new administration that we’re not going anywhere, right?

    And there are so many more of us that are actually united than we are divided. This March on Washington is to ensure that Congress, our new president and the Senate know that we’re going to continue to fight for our rights, that we’re going to protect the most marginalized communities.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: What are you marching for, and what are you marching against?

    CARMEN PEREZ: So, we are marching to continue to allow women to make decisions about their bodies and ensure we have reproductive justice rights, immigration reform, criminal justice reform, as well as indigenous rights.

    So, there are so many things. We have been extremely intentional about allowing organizations to get involved, Planned Parenthood, as well as Define American.

    BOB BLAND: And every woman has their own reason for marching. So, that’s the really beautiful thing about this.

    We have seen, through the last 18 months and everything that’s happened, that we can be complacent no longer.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: There are so many specifics in your guiding principles, everything from minimum wage, to reproductive rights, to environmental concerns, to indigenous people’s concerns.

    Why was it important to you to be so specific in the things that you’re marching for?

    CARMEN PEREZ: We wanted to make sure that there was a mission, there was a vision, that we started organizing for something, not against something, right? So, this is not a march against Trump. This is a march on Washington, Congress, the Senate, our president.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: I hear what you’re saying, that this is not against Trump, but the timing of it couldn’t be more obvious.

    Is there something about his administration that you guys are particularly concerned about?

    BOB BLAND: Well, we saw an increase in this country in instances of bigotry and racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny. A lot of this came to the forefront and these conversations came to the forefront during the election cycle.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Some of the guiding principles that you have laid out seem to really place a lot of emphasis on the concerns of women of color, immigrant women. Was that intentional?

    CARMEN PEREZ: It was intentional, especially because our new president-elect was attacking a lot of these communities with his — some of his racist rhetoric around Mexicans and building a wall.

    And I’m Mexican-American myself. Linda Sarsour, one of our national co-chairs, is Muslim American. We need to have courageous conversations. Sometimes, we — we don’t speak about religion and politics and race because we don’t want to offend anyone. But how are we going to learn?

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: It’s hard to talk about these things.

    CARMEN PEREZ: Right, exactly.

    So, that’s what this march has been able to do, is to create a very safe space and an honest space, where we could have these difficult — quote, unquote — “courageous” conversations, so that we can move forward together as a country.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: What would you say to a young woman of color who has heard about what they might see at a feminist march or a feminist action in the past, and felt excluded from that, and they think, I’m not going to do this?

    CARMEN PEREZ: What I would say to a young woman of color who doesn’t feel like this march or even feminism has ever been for them, I would say, we need you.

    BOB BLAND: Yes.

    CARMEN PEREZ: We welcome you.

    There’s many moments where I never saw somebody like myself reflected in leadership. And that’s why I have taken that role now.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Is there any concern that, because this march is happening the day after Trump becomes president, and is clearly targeted in some ways at the Trump administration, that you might alienate a part of the country who may have supported Trump or may have been a Republican, or that you might end up driving people away because this is seen as a partisan day?

    CARMEN PEREZ: I will say, we welcome everybody who actually supports women’s rights.

    And so, if you are Republican, if you are a Democrat, if you are Green Party, whatever party you are, we welcome you to be a part of this. And so I believe that there are many women who voted for Trump who are also coming, and families.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: You think that’s right? You think you’re going to have women who support Trump that will be here on Saturday?

    CARMEN PEREZ: I believe, you know, that people who feel connected to women’s rights are going to be there.

    BOB BLAND: And I think that there are many, many conservative women who didn’t vote for Trump. And they have been e-mailing us and saying, yes, we want to stand in solidarity against misogyny and for our rights as women.

    And so I think it’s a moment where we can look at, what does it mean to be conservative, are you Republican or are you Democrat, and that’s it. I think we’re all people first.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: How will you measure whether or not Saturday is a success?

    BOB BLAND: For us, this impact will be something that reverberates across the country and across the world for quite a while.

    And, so, you know, we will see what the long-term impact of it is. But I think that’s also up to the marchers. I think it’s up to them to take their power and use it.

    CARMEN PEREZ: I agree.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Do you think Donald Trump will be watching?

    BOB BLAND: I think he will be tweeting.


    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: All right, Bob Bland, Carmen Perez, thank you both very much.

    BOB BLAND: Thanks.

    CARMEN PEREZ: Thank you.

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    Attendees gather in the National Mall during Donald Trump's inauguration ceremonies to swear him in as the 45th president of the United States in Washington, U.S., January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Shannon Stapleton - RTSWJ0N

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: Well, since the November election, there has been a lot of talk about how well Mr. Trump connected with those voters who felt ignored or looked down upon by politicians.

    Today, they had their moment to be heard.

    Our Lisa Desjardins was on the Mall to listen to what some Trump supporters had to say.

    LISA DESJARDINS: They came from across the country, many at their first inauguration, on a gray day that didn’t dampen their excitement or hope.

    Marion Carpenter and Larry Sanders drove up from South Carolina yesterday.

    MAN: We intend to follow him all the way.

    LISA DESJARDINS: They traveled here with their church group, they said, because, before Trump, they’d seen their way of life disappearing.

    MARION CARPENTER: The steel mills are gone. The coal industry is gone. People are hurting for jobs.

    LISA DESJARDINS: The crowd didn’t reach as far down the National Mall as at President Obama’s inaugurations, but it was a devoted group.

    Joseph Zadeh from Ohio hit on a theme for many Trump supporters, that seeing President Trump take office eased years of personal frustration.

    JOSEPH ZADEH: I started being interested in politics midway through Obama’s second term. So, it’s like, as a Republican, it’s being told, oh, your ideas are stupid. And, finally, look, we’re here. We’re making America great again.

    MARILYN BYERS: I’m a Marine mom. She’s a Navy mom.

    LISA DESJARDINS: Kelly Haisley and Marilyn Byers are from Indiana, friends since high school. They drove nine hours to be here. To them, Mr. Trump represents a change in national priorities.

    MARILYN BYERS: It’s been a real disappointment for eight years, and it’s time that we get back to grassroots and family values. We’re going to make America…

    KELLY HAISLEY: Appreciating our military.


    KELLY HAISLEY: I just don’t feel our troops have been supported, and looking forward to them having a president and commander in chief that’s going to do that for them, that loves America.

    LISA DESJARDINS: Here, too, were some from a Democratic base, unions, like ironworker Tom Dwyer, who fought back pain to make it here. He’s a New Yorker, like Mr. Trump, and doesn’t trust politicians.

    TOM DWYER: He’s a man of his word. I believe — like I said, I grew up in New York, in Queens. And he’s just part of the woodwork of New York. Well, when he says he’s going to do something, I believe that he’s going to do it, and he’s going to make it shine.

    LISA DESJARDINS: Most came for Mr. Trump, but many, like these Delaware middle schoolers, came just to witness the peaceful transfer of power itself. Some of their parents admitted they didn’t support the new president, but told us their trip was about more.

    For the PBS NewsHour from the National Mall in Washington, I’m Lisa Desjardins.

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    People rally against U.S. president-elect Donald Trump outside Trump International Hotel and Tower at Columbus Circle in Manhattan, New York City, U.S., January 19, 2017. REUTERS/Stephen Yang - RTSWCWM

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: As we heard, there were vocal opponents of the president, thousands of them, protesting across Washington throughout this day. Most of them were peaceful.

    But a number of incidents turned violent late this afternoon. A limousine was set on fire downtown. Smoke could be seen for blocks away. And protesters hurled trash cans, flash bombs and objects at police, who used pepper spray in return.

    By this evening, at least 217 people were arrested. Six police officers were injured.

    Jeffrey Brown and our team have been out on the streets all day.

    Here’s what they saw.

    PROTESTERS: Hey, hey, ho, ho, Donald Trump has got to go!

    JEFFREY BROWN: It was a disparate group of protesters coming together to march, express their resistance to the new administration, and air their anger at what some see as an illegitimate president.

    WOMAN: I couldn’t just sit at home and let this be — like, Trump’s administration be normalized.

    JEFFREY BROWN: Robby Diesu is an organizer of one of the lead umbrella groups called DisruptJ20, Inauguration Day.

    ROBBY DIESU, DisruptJ20: Our goal is to disrupt it, just like our name says. And we have definitely been disrupting it all day.

    JEFFREY BROWN: Disrupting, but in a few moments from now when we’re talking, Donald Trump will be president.

    ROBBY DIESU: Yes, but we were not under impression that we would stop him from becoming president. The point is to set a tone of resistance from the first moment that he is in office.

    JEFFREY BROWN: One act of disruption, at security checkpoints leading into the National Mall, demonstrators attempted to block access to the inauguration, chaining themselves together and refusing to move.

    In another, protesters shut down part of a major highway near the Capitol.

    McPherson Square in downtown Washington, D.C., has been ground zero for protesters all day. From here, different groups have fanned out around the city, some marching peacefully, others more violent.

    At times, the peaceful burst into the violent. After a tense standoff at 12th and K Streets, police used pepper spray and flash grenades to disperse the crowd. Elsewhere, protesters dressed in black threw rocks and flash bombs and smashed windows, leading to more confrontations, injuries and arrests.

    These demonstrators used tactics associated with so-called black bloc anarchist groups, long prevalent in Europe, often seizing the moment amid more peaceful protests.

    This afternoon, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser said in a statement: “Again, I respect your right to peacefully protest, but the damage that has occurred today is unacceptable and not welcome in D.C.”

    For most who came out, though, today was a day to come together and plan for the future.

    I spoke with this couple who came from New Hampshire.

    WOMAN: There’s a lot of folks feel like they are not heard, that they are not represented, that they — their voices do not matter any way, shape, and/or form.

    And it’s just reminding folks that even though the — he is president — we respect that fact, because that fact is a fact — that that doesn’t mean that, over the next eight — four to eight years, whatever ends up happening, that those voices won’t matter, that those voices will not be a part of the conversation, that those thoughts and those opinions will not be a part of the conversation.

    I just wanted to make it a point to say that they will.

    JEFFREY BROWN: The National Park Service gave out 22 permits for First Amendment events, considerably more than in previous inaugurations, when some half-dozen were requested.

    More than 3,000 police and 5,000 National Guard were on hand, and security expenses for the day are expected to exceed $100 million.

    Protests today also occurred well beyond Washington, from marches in Denver to across San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, and around the world. In London, demonstrators unfurled banners from bridges with messages for the new president, among them, to build bridges, not walls.

    In Tokyo, hundreds of people, most of them women, marched in the streets in protest of Mr. Trump’s presidency.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: And Jeff joins me now. He’s still in downtown Washington.

    Jeff, you have been there all day. Where do things stand right now?

    JEFFREY BROWN: Well, I mean, you can hear all around me sirens in one corner, a band playing in another corner, police off right behind me.

    It’s been a very unusual day here, Judy, in Washington. And it is an extremely unusual evening. It’s calmer right now than it was. I’m standing actually right at the spot. We’re right outside The Washington Post.

    This is where that limousine, that car was set on fire that you showed the — our audience the video of from a little earlier. It’s a little calmer now. There is a very large security presence now. There is more protesters down at the other end.

    And, actually, I see some flames right there, but I don’t think that’s a major fire at the moment, but we will watch that. It’s a little calmer, but — and we have been told that, for most part, at least the main coalition groups are not planning any more activities tonight, but maybe these smaller groups that caused more of the trouble.

    And the thinking really is that it is these smaller groups that have caused most of the trouble. You don’t quite know what’s going to happen with them later on, but, for the most part, I think we may have seen — it’s a little calmer now.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: In just a few seconds, Jeff, we saw you talking to some of the protesters. Do you get the sense that they feel their message is being heard?

    JEFFREY BROWN: Well, Judy, I think it’s more about — and I was listening to the conversation you were just having.

    I think it’s more about what’s next. You know, where do they go from here? They wanted to make sure that they were here, that they were showing that they exist, that they have a message, and that they can press things ahead. And it was about meeting people and speaking up and sort of organizing to see where they go from here.

    But I think that, of course — just as you were saying with the guests earlier, that’s really the big question for the people on the streets as well: What’s next?

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Jeffrey Brown out on the streets all day long for the NewsHour, thank you.

    JEFFREY BROWN: All day, Judy.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: Really fine reporting. We thank you.

    JEFFREY BROWN: Thanks.

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: So, what to make of this day one of the Trump presidency?

    Here with me now are NewsHour regulars syndicated columnist Mark Shields and New York Times columnist David Brooks, and from our politics Monday team, Amy Walter of The Cook Political Report. Also joining us, Barry Bennett. He was campaign manager for Ben Carson in the Republican primaries. He then served as an adviser to the Trump campaign.

    From George Washington University, politics scientist Lara Brown. Karine Jean-Pierre, she was a senior adviser to MoveOn.org during the 2016 elections. And Matt Schlapp, he is chair of the American Conservative Union. He joins us from downtown Washington.

    We can see the Capitol behind you, Matt.

    So, let me start with the NewsHour regulars, Mark Shields and David Brooks.

    David, I will start with you.

    What is the main takeaway from this day?

    DAVID BROOKS: I feel underdressed.



    MARK SHIELDS: You have got that blue-collar Republican look.

    DAVID BROOKS: It’s the new populist moment.


    DAVID BROOKS: The story of the day was the really unabashed populism and nationalism of the Trump speech.

    And so I’m left with two big questions: How big is this nationalist moment? It’s been spread around the world. Theresa May just gave an anti — how they’re going to withdraw from Brexit, the U.K. Le Pen is looking good in France. Putin is riding high.

    There’s an international movement. A lot of sort of dismiss as sort of a product of a receding bit of history, but maybe it’s the 21st century. And maybe Trump is riding something, and he will be able to marshal a left-right populist movement. That’s a possibility we should be open to, especially because the anti-populists, people who believe in global trade and global movements, have no guts, no articulation, and really no opposition.

    And then the second thing, how is he going to turn this into policy? How does an outsider who runs against Washington actually rally Washington to launch his agenda? That’s just a gigantic challenge.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Mark Shields?

    MARK SHIELDS: In 1940, there were 137 million people in the United States of America and — 132 million — and there were 600,000 more factory jobs than there are today.

    There were eight million more factory jobs in this country than when Jimmy Carter was president of the United States. So, Donald Trump represents a real grievance, a real constituency.

    But what I could not get over in the speech today — and I don’t know what the global impact or meaning is, but I do know that it was unlike any inaugural address I have ever heard. It was a call to arms to those already enlisted in his army. There was no attempt to reach across the divide. There was no attempt to heal wounds. There was no attempt to reassure or allay fears of those who were apprehensive and not supported him.

    So, in that sense, it was almost unique, at least in the speeches I have heard. And it was an unbridled attack upon those presidents spoke of who were — in William’s piece who were sitting on the dais with him, having praised the Obamas in one sentence for being magnificent, and then saying that this small group who have profited in Washington have been indifferent, and almost cruelly so, to the rest of the country.

    So, I just stand in the midnight in America, American carnage, which is, I think, soon-to-be canceled TV series, but I just have never heard language quite like it or a tone quite like it in an inaugural address.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Matt Schlapp, since you’re so well-dressed, I’m going to call on you next.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: What did you hear? What are you taking away?

    MATT SCHLAPP, Chairman, American Conservative Union: Boy, I just — what I would say to Mark is, is that I think one of the things that was ironic is, you had Donald Trump up on that dais, who hasn’t been a Republican for very long, and who is basically a function of the fact that both those parties and many of those party leaders and some of those former presidents didn’t listen to the American people.

    President Obama will leave office with higher approval ratings, but still two-thirds of this nation believe that we’re on the wrong track. And I think the demonstration of the economic pain and the unrest and unease about what’s happening overseas is high.

    And, really, what struck me about the address, about the speech is that he is connecting to the political moment. The political moment is not about morning. It’s about — a little bit about M-O-U-R-N-I-N-G, and the fact that there is nothing wrong with a Republican connecting to the fact that a lot of Americans are hurting.

    Now, I agree you have to offer solutions and you have to be optimistic and you have to lead them someplace, but it’s important to listen to them and to connect to them. And that’s why Donald Trump is the president.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Amy Walter?

    AMY WALTER, The Cook Political Report: Yes.

    And to Matt’s point, there was a lot of Donald Trump on the campaign trail where he seemed to switch positions. We really didn’t know — and I still think we don’t know — where exactly his ideological core is.

    But there was one thing that was consistent throughout. It’s the same message we saw today in his inaugural speech was the message that we saw on the campaign trial, was the message that we saw at the convention. That has never changed at all.

    It’s what won him the nomination, when nobody thought he was going to be able to do that. And it’s what won him the presidency, when, quite frankly, even going into the election night, nobody really believed that he was going to be able to win this.

    And so he is taking that same message and he is going to bring it to the White House with him. This was something that he truly, you know, as I said, has stuck with throughout the course of his campaign. And he believes that, if he succeeds, other people are going to join.

    The reaching out is not about reaching out to say, well, I’m going to take other people’s opinions and views. It’s, I’m going to do so well, I’m going to be so — we’re going to make America so great, that people who oppose me now are going to have to come on board.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Is that what’s going to happen, Karine Jean-Pierre, somebody who worked against his election?

    KARINE JEAN-PIERRE, Democratic Strategist: Yes, look, it was — and I said this before — it was very disappointing.

    It was a right-wing nationalism speech. It was very reminiscent of the RNC convention speech, when he accepted his nomination, had that dooms and glooms type of feel. And I think the most disappointing part of it was, there are people here who are genuinely fearful because of the type of campaign that he ran and the people that he insulted.

    And he didn’t do anything to mend those wounds. And, as president, that’s what people look to our leader to do. And I think he missed a really important opportunity as we were going through the peaceful transfer of power.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Barry Bennett, missed an opportunity?

    BARRY BENNETT, Former Trump Campaign Senior Adviser: I don’t think so.

    I think beauty is in the eye of the beholder here. His supporters, me included, we don’t want to half-a-loaf, right? We want him to fight. And today was the beginning of a fight. It wasn’t the end of a campaign.

    We’re going to see from the left the protests are big and energetic, and they are going to be so tomorrow. But we want him to fight back. And I think what we saw today was, Monday morning, the fight is still going to be there. And that’s what we — I think the country needs.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Should people be fearful, as Karine was just saying?

    BARRY BENNETT: I don’t think so, no.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: You shake your head no.


    I mean, I think no. There are people here illegally. They should be fearful that they’re here illegally, because, you know, they should be deported. Or, you know, the law says they should be deported. But, I mean, if you’re here illegally, of course you’re not going to be deported. That’s silly. That’s fear-mongering.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: We are looking at — we have been interspersing our conversation with pictures of that inaugural parade still going on an hour after sunset here in Washington, but it’s still going on, members of the Trump family seated at that reviewing stand just literally right in — built right in front of the White House.

    We’re watching that. We’re keeping half-an-eye on the parade, but we also really want to hear what everybody here has to say.

    Lara Brown, it is dark at the White House, but Donald Trump is going to bring light to America.


    LARA BROWN, Director, George Washington University Graduate School of Political Management: Well, I think that that’s precisely the problem.

    Maybe he is going to continue to bring the fight to Washington, but there was no acknowledgment that he had won. His party has won. One of the most important aspects of an inaugural speech is to actually end the campaign, to move beyond the campaign, to bring about a sense of reconciliation and unity with all of those who fought fiercely against you.

    And I think there is also this other piece where he failed to recognize his moment in history. He didn’t acknowledge past presidents, those who are sort of lions in the pantheon of presidents, whether it’s Thomas Jefferson, or Abraham Lincoln, or George Washington. He didn’t notice or witness the ceremony as being important in history.

    You know, Bill Clinton, who came to office with only 43 percent of the popular vote, began his speech by talking about how this speech takes place in the dead of winter, but that part of the words and the faces of the people are about forcing the spring, that there is a sense of renewal. And Trump didn’t provide that.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Matt Schlapp, and we should say the reason you are dressed up is because you are going to one of the inaugural balls. And I failed to point that out earlier.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: Or maybe…

    MATT SCHLAPP: No, I think it — Judy, I think it’s because they think people like me live like Thurston Howell III.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: What about Lara Brown’s point, though, that we didn’t hear from the new president…

    MATT SCHLAPP: Right.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: … a connection to history, to his place in the grand pantheon that is the history of the United States?

    MATT SCHLAPP: Look, if you want poetry, there was another candidate for you.

    Donald Trump was the candidate of very blunt, realistic talk. And I think, if you look through what politicians tend to do — and, obviously, I worked for President George W. Bush in the White House, with Barry Bennett’s wife, I might say.

    And there is definitely thought, great thought that goes into these speeches. But so many times, what the voters — what the voter hears and then what they see in their lives, there can be a bit of phoniness, obviously, to politics.

    And I think what Donald Trump did, I think what everyone on the panel is failing to understand is that I think the biggest part of the speech was that he broke it down in very basic terms for them, and he made a pledge to them. He said he’s going to fight for them, and he’s not going to let them down.

    Boy, it’s not a small pledge. This is a high bar, to me, which is he’s going to change, literally change society and change the way government does these things. And I think that it was bold for him to do that.

    And I think there was a lot of people — I will tell you, I talked to a lot of people out on the street today, and they just like the fact there is an authenticity and a directness. We will see how it works over the years, but I think it’s very promising.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: David Brooks, bold and authentic.

    DAVID BROOKS: Utopian. He’s going to eradicate disease. He literally said that.

    So, I think it was authentic. And I do think it was bold, a bold — boldest mostly on its attack on the Republican Party. It’s a party that has always — never believed in zero sum thinking. It started as the Whig Party, which was based on the idea in part that labor and capital didn’t have to fight. There was enough for all of us in the growing pie.

    The Republican Party, through all its permutations, has basically believed in that. Since the Cold War, it’s believed in growth abroad is good for growth at home, democracy abroad is good for democracy at home.

    That’s not an America-first philosophy. That’s not the zero-sum philosophy that we heard from Donald Trump. That’s not the combative philosophy we heard from Donald Trump.

    So, it’s a stark and a bold attempt to reshape his own party. Whether he can successfully do that, I’m, frankly, dubious about. And whether he can successfully effect change in government, when he’s so anti-institutional and not even willing to embrace the institution of the presidency, it’s — again, I’m dubious about.

    But bold, I give him credit for.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Mark Shields, just quickly, did you hear signs, signals — did you signals today that Donald Trump will be able to make the changes he says he’s going to make?

    MARK SHIELDS: No, I didn’t.

    I didn’t see anything unifying or uplifting in this speech. And I think that successful inaugurals in the past — I mean, they may be writing a new chapter, but I didn’t — I thought that was missing from the speech.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: But you’re saying that’s what we should be judging the speech on?

    MARK SHIELDS: Well, I think you have to view the speech as identifying yourself in history, acknowledging who you are, acknowledging humility, acknowledging the importance of the country and its diversity and its strength through that diversity, and your appeal to the people who didn’t support you and your pledge to them.

    And I just — to me, it’s politics 101. I mean, he was playing to his base. He’s continuing to play to his base.

    And if Matt isn’t too busy going to his nighttime affairs, he could tell us who the candidate of poetry was in 2016.


    MARK SHIELDS: Was that Rick Perry? Did I miss it? Or was it Scott Walker? I missed it.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: I wish we — do you want to answer that, just quickly?

    MATT SCHLAPP: It wasn’t Hillary Clinton. It definitely wasn’t Hillary Clinton.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: We will bring you back on. You can answer that. I won’t put you on the spot.

    We have only got about a minute left.

    Amy, I’m hearing two very different sets of views here about what Donald Trump accomplished or didn’t today.

    AMY WALTER: If his goal was to — and it’s been his goal from the entire course of this campaign. He has a vision and a message about shaking up Washington. He’s going to do things differently. He’s not going to do it in a traditional manner. He doesn’t care about the trappings of this.

    And you either believe that or you don’t believe that. And he will be successful based on a Washington working for him, despite the fact that he doesn’t think Washington works.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Well, we have how many days, 365 times four, to talk about what he accomplished today and what he may accomplish in the future.

    I want to thank each one of you, Mark Shields, David Brooks, Amy Walter, Lara Brown, Karine Jean-Pierre, Barry Bennett, and Matt Schlapp.

    You all get a chance to come back and weigh in one more time — or many more times on this.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: Thanks very much.

    LARA BROWN: Thank you.

    KARINE JEAN-PIERRE: Thanks, Judy.

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    US President Donald Trump takes the oath of office with his wife Melania and son Barron at his side, during his inauguration at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, U.S., January 20, 2017. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque - RTSWIGZ

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    JUDY WOODRUFF: It’s official. Donald J. Trump is the 45th president of the United States.

    Chief Justice John Roberts administered the oath at noon, as Mr. Trump assumed his first public office.

    Here is how this Inauguration Day unfolded.

    For Donald and Melania Trump, the first public appearance of this inaugural day came at a morning church service at St. John’s Episcopal in Washington. The president-elect had already begun his day around 4:30 a.m. with a trademark tweet.

    It proclaimed: “The movement continues. The work begins.”

    Meanwhile, at the White House, the outgoing president left the traditional note for his successor on his Oval Office desk.

    FORMER PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: Good morning, everybody.

    MAN: Good morning, sir.

    MAN: Good morning, sir.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: And he took a final nostalgic stroll next to the Rose Garden.

    FORMER PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: Mr. President-Elect, how are you?

    JUDY WOODRUFF: The Obamas then welcomed the Trumps for a reception of coffee and tea, before motorcading to the U.S. Capitol.

    Thousands had already gathered there despite a light rain and tight security, having faced protests at several security checkpoints, as police in riot gear battled demonstrators elsewhere in the city.

    Overall, the crowd on the National Mall appeared well short of the one that celebrated Mr. Obama’s first inauguration.

    More than 60 congressional Democrats boycotted the ceremony. But other dignitaries filled the West Front of the Capitol, including former Presidents Jimmy Carter, George W. Bush, and Bill Clinton, with his wife, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who lost the November election to Mr. Trump.

    “Hail to the Chief” played a final time for President Obama.

    ANNOUNCER: Ladies and gentleman, the president-elect of the United States, Donald John Trump.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: And then the president-elect himself was announced, to cheers. Still, the political divisions laid bare in the election were on display.

    Scattered jeering greeted Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer when he addressed the crowd.

    SEN. CHUCK SCHUMER, Minority Leader: We face threats, foreign and domestic. In such times, faith in our government, our institutions and even our country can erode.

    Despite these challenges, I stand here today confident in this great country for one reason: you, the American people.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: The crowd cheered again when Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas administered the oath of office to Vice President Pence.

    JUSTICE CLARENCE THOMAS, U.S. Supreme Court: Would you raise your right hand and repeat after me?

    JUDY WOODRUFF: The Mormon Tabernacle Choir performed “America the Beautiful.”

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I, Donald John Trump, do solemnly swear…

    JUDY WOODRUFF: And the nation’s 45th president took the oath of office, administered by Chief Justice John Roberts.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: The new president was greeted by trumpets and cannon salutes and by scattered shouts of “Not my president.”

    Then, as the rain resumed, Donald Trump delivered his first address as president, a message of economic populism that portrayed a nation struggling.

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: For too many of our citizens, a different reality exists, mothers and children trapped in poverty in our inner cities, rusted-out factories scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation, an education system flush with cash, but which leaves our young and beautiful students deprived of all knowledge, and the crime and the gangs and the drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so much unrealized potential.

    This American carnage stops right here and stops right now.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: Instead, the president declared a new vision will now guide the government, in his words, only America first.

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I will fight for you with every breath in my body, and I will never, ever let you down.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: America will start winning again, winning like never before.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: And he made clear he will hold official Washington to account for past failures, and future progress.

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action, constantly complaining, but never doing anything about it.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: The time for empty talk is over. Now arrives the hour of action.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: So, to all Americans in every city near and far, small and large, from mountain to mountain, from ocean to ocean, hear these words. You will never be ignored again.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: Your voice, your hopes, and your dreams will define our American destiny.

    Together, we will make America strong again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud again. We will make America safe again. And, yes, together, we will make America great again.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: Thank you. God bless you. And God bless America.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: The ceremony concluded with the national anthem sung by 16-year-old Jackie Evancho.

    And with the peaceful transition of power complete, the new administration bid farewell to the past.

    William Brangham picks it up there.

    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: The first task for the newly sworn president and vice president, seeing their predecessors off.

    After a final hug, former Vice President Biden and his wife, Jill, hopped into a waiting motorcade, and took an Amtrak train home to Wilmington, Delaware.


    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: The Obamas boarded a military helicopter for the short trip to Joint Base Andrews in Maryland.

    There, Mr. Obama addressed hundreds of staffers from his White House years.

    FORMER PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: This has been the privilege of my life, and I know I speak for Michelle as well. And we look forward to continuing this journey with all of you. And I can’t wait to see what you do next. And I promise you I will be right there with you.

    All right?


    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: And, with that, the former first couple flew to Palm Springs, California, for a vacation.

    Back in the city, a new, more violent protest broke out, with dozens arrested.

    But, at the Capitol, the business of the day went ahead without interruption. In his first official acts, President Trump signed a proclamation calling for a national day of patriotism on September 11. He also formally submitted his Cabinet nominations to the Senate, and signed a waiver that clears the way for his defense secretary pick, retired General James Mattis.

    From there, the Trumps entered Statuary Hall for the traditional post-inaugural luncheon and a presidential gesture to his defeated opponent.

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I was very honored, very, very honored, when I heard that President Bill Clinton and Secretary Hillary Clinton was coming today. And I think it’s appropriate to say.


    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: And I would like you to stand up. I would like you to stand up.


    WILLIAM BRANGHAM: Then it was back outside for a ceremonial review of the troops, and the trip down Pennsylvania Avenue, from the Capitol to the White House.

    Protests continued, but the parade proceeded without interruption. Along the way, the president got out to greet supporters.

    As the afternoon turned into the evening, the first family watched the parade from the White House viewing box.

    For the PBS NewsHour, I’m William Brangham.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: So, our John Yang was on the platform on the West Side of the Capitol for today’s ceremony.

    John, you had a view most of us didn’t.

    JOHN YANG: That’s right, Judy. We were right there next to it.

    It was really interesting to watch. It was a fascinating day. It was full of tradition. It seemed like any other inaugural, but, at the same time, it was different, the heckling during the administering of the oath that you talked about.

    And you had the former living — the living former presidents, all except George Herbert Walker Bush, who is hospitalized in Houston, all there, all there to — I think especially because of the contentious nature of this election, there to see the transfer of power.

    But, at the same time, they didn’t seem very enthusiastic about the speech. George W. Bush hardly applauded at all during the speech, looked rather stoney-faced. And when a reporter asked him afterward what he thought of the speech, his reply was, “Good to see you again” — Judy.


    JUDY WOODRUFF: So, John — so, John, we reported that the new president has already signed some executive orders. A lot of it is routine, but some of it significant.

    What are you learning about what he plans to do in the first few days he’s in office?

    JOHN YANG: There is going to be a lot of activity. You’re going to see a lot of executive orders signed in the first week, starting Monday, we’re told by Sean Spicer, the new White House press secretary.

    Those will be more substantive, dealing with policy. We’re told that immigration certainly will be at the top of the list, trade issues, sort of the issues that he ran on that were the signatures of his campaign. A lot of them will be undoing what President Obama did over the past eight years with executive actions, because he faced obstacles in Congress.

    A lot of it will be furthering their own agenda. But they say they have got a plan, an action plan, not just for the first 100 days, but for the first 200 days.

    JUDY WOODRUFF: Sounds like enough to keep you and the rest of the press following this new president really busy.

    John Yang, thank you.

    The post Trump offers vision for his presidency: ‘only America first’ appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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    Retired U.S. Marine Corps General James Mattis testifies before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination to serve as defense secretary in Washington, U.S. January 12, 2017. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst - RTX2YOX1

    Retired U.S. Marine Corps General James Mattis testifies before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination to serve as defense secretary. Photo by REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst

    WASHINGTON — Wasting little time to fill two critical national security posts, the Republican-led Senate overwhelmingly confirmed the two retired Marine generals President Donald Trump tapped to run the Pentagon and secure America’s borders.

    Senators voted on Friday to approve the nomination of James Mattis to be defense secretary, 98-1, just hours after Trump’s swearing-in at the U.S. Capitol. The selection of John Kelly to lead the Department of Homeland Security cleared the Senate, 88-11.

    At a luncheon following his inauguration, Trump said Mattis and Kelly were from “central casting,” referring to their reputations as tough-talking, no-nonsense commanders.

    “If I’m doing a movie, I’d pick you, Gen. Mattis,” Trump said.

    But Democrats succeeded in stalling until Monday action by the full Senate on Trump’s pick for CIA director, Rep. Mike Pompeo, R-Kan. Sens. Ron Wyden of Oregon, Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut and Patrick Leahy of Vermont objected to what they said was a “rushed confirmation” and demanded more time for Pompeo’s nomination to be “vetted, questioned and debated.”

    Republicans scolded Democrats for an unnecessary delay, noting that the move left the spy agency leaderless over the weekend.

    Being lectured on the speed of nomination approvals didn’t sit well with Democrats, who reminded GOP lawmakers that they flatly refused to consider President Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee for 11 months.

    Congress had to pave the way for Mattis to serve. Lawmakers last week passed legislation that Trump signed shortly after being sworn in that granted Mattis a one-time exception from the law that bars former U.S. service members who have been out of uniform for less than seven years from holding the top Pentagon job. The restriction is meant to preserve civilian control of the military.

    Mattis retired from the Marine Corps in 2013.

    Congress last allowed an exception to the law in 1950 for George Marshall, a former five-star Army general and secretary of state. Mattis replaces Ash Carter, who had been President Barack Obama’s defense secretary since February 2015.

    GOP lawmakers pushed for a speedy and smooth transition at the Pentagon to ensure Mattis would be fully in charge should a national security crisis erupt in the hours and days after Trump’s inauguration. During his Jan. 12 confirmation hearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Mattis described a world in tumult and a U.S. military that is not robust enough to deal with all the threats the country faces.

    Mattis is highly regarded on Capitol Hill for his character and judgment — traits that many Democrats believe make the retired four-star officer an essential bulwark against Trump’s propensity for bluster and impulsiveness.

    During a military career than lasted four decades, Mattis served in numerous senior military positions, including commander of U.S. Central Command, which is responsible for U.S. military operations in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.

    Kelly comes to the government’s newest department with years of experience working with various Homeland Security agencies.

    Among Kelly’s likely first assignments will be executing Trump’s plans for the fate of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival program, which has protected more than 750,000 young immigrants from deportation.

    As the top officer at U.S. Southern Command, based in south Florida, Kelly routinely worked with the department to combat human trafficking networks and drug smuggling. The post included oversight of the detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Kelly clashed at times with the Obama administration, which pushed unsuccessfully to close the facility.

    If Trump follows through on promises to toughen immigration enforcement, Kelly’s agency will be responsible for buttressing the screening of immigrants permitted to enter the U.S. He’ll also have to come up with the resources for locating and then deporting people living here illegally.

    During his confirmation hearing earlier this month, Kelly told the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee that he’s in favor of Trump’s plan for a wall at the Mexican border. But he said a physical barrier alone won’t be enough to secure the 2,000-mile frontier.

    “Certainly it has to be a layered approach,” Kelly said.

    Associated Press writer Alicia A. Caldwell contributed to this report.

    The post Trump’s picks for defense, homeland security confirmed by Senate appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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  • 01/20/17--18:43: Why these women are marching
  • OUTSIDE TRUMP TOWER — A woman looks on as she takes part in a protest against President-elect Donald Trump in front of Trump Tower in New York on Nov. 10, 2016. Photo by Kena Betancur/AFP/Getty Images

    On Saturday, thousands of people will participate in the Women’s March on Washington, the
    largest protest event around the inauguration of President Trump. Here are the stories of several people who traveled to Washington, D.C. by plane and car to attend the march.

    Linda Aso and Alianna Noah-Rayon

    When Linda Aso, 70, learned about the Women’s March on Washington, she immediately called her granddaughter.

    Aso flew to Washington, D.C. on Thursday morning from her home in Portland, Oregon. Alianna Noah-Rayon, her 21-year-old granddaughter, arrived at the Capitol later that day from Missoula, Montana, where she is a junior at the University of Montana.

    “Perhaps my legacy is to introduce my granddaughter to Washington DC and to the experience of marching,” said Aso, a retired music teacher.

    As Trump supporters gathered in the Capitol on Friday to celebrate the new president, people like Aso and her granddaughter also flooded into Washington for the women’s march, which is set to take place on Saturday.

    “Perhaps my legacy is to introduce my granddaughter to Washington DC and to the experience of marching.”

    As many as 200,000 people are reportedly considering attending the march. Organizers began planning soon after Election Day, when Trump defeated Hillary Clinton, the first female nominee of a major U.S. political party.

    Aso said she was “monumentally disappointed” by the outcome of the election. An enthusiastic Clinton supporter, Aso said she feared Clinton’s loss sent a message to young women that, even with a good education, they faced limits in achieving the same success as men.

    But Noah-Rayon, who is pursuing a double-major in forensic anthropology and criminology, seemed optimistic about the future.

    Noah-Ryon said she was passionate about women’s rights, reproductive health care access, and the rights of minority groups. Plenty of people at the march will share her views. But Noah-Rayon said she was just as interested in meeting people with different perspectives.

    “This march is the child of all of these people’s deep passions that maybe they haven’t been able to release,” she said.

    Reported by Hannah Grabenstein

    Rebeca Champney

    Rebeca Champney, a health care provider who lives in Los Angeles, is also traveling to Washington for the march on Saturday. Her decision to march in person stemmed from three things, Champney said: “I’m a woman. I’m a Latina. And I’m an immigrant.”

    In a phone interview earlier this week, Champney, 50, said she was shot in the face in Guatemala in the late 1990s, in the violence that followed the end of the country’s decades-long civil war. Champney said she moved to the United States looking for a safe place to raise her four children, whose father is a U.S. citizen.

    Since emigrating to the U.S., “my children got all the opportunities I dreamt of: college, food, health,” Champney said.

    With Mr. Trump’s election, she said, “I am a little afraid of what’s going on.” Champney, who is flying into Baltimore on Saturday and taking a bus to the march, said she was especially concerned about Mr. Trump’s rhetoric around immigrants, women and his views on foreign policy.

    “My children got all the opportunities I dreamt of: college, food, health.”

    But Champney said protest movements can make a difference. She recalled watching news coverage of the protests against government corruption in Guatemala in 2015, which resulted in the president’s resignation.

    “I know the power of a voice that raises with other voices,” she said.

    Reported by Elizabeth Flock

    Destiny Herndon-De La Rosa

    When Destiny Herndon-De La Rosa, the founder of the group New Wave Feminists, shows up at the march on Saturday, she knows she’ll stand out for more than her brightly-colored purple hair.

    Her group’s slogan is “Badass. Prolife. Feminists.” Most of the attendees at the march, including the march’s partner organizations, are pro-choice.

    “As pro-life feminists we firmly believe in nonviolence, and violence against women is never acceptable, even in the womb.”

    New Wave Feminists does not advocate for making abortion illegal. But the group does call for policies that would make abortion “unthinkable and unnecessary.”

    The group was added to the list of partners last week, but an article in The Atlantic sparked backlash, and march organizers removed them from the list.

    Herndon-De La Rosa, who lives in Dallas, was disappointed by the decision because she said she believed being pro-life and feminist are not mutually exclusive. But she said it didn’t change her decision to attend the march. She flew in from Dallas on Friday, and said she was looking forward to the march.

    “As pro-life feminists we firmly believe in nonviolence, and violence against women is never acceptable, even in the womb,” she said.

    Reported by Gretchen Frazee

    Ryan Cadiz

    Despite the name of the march, not all of its attendees will be women.

    Ryan Cadiz, 40, a photo editor who lives in New York, said he planned to march on Saturday to stand up for equal rights for all Americans.

    “I am proud to be a brown, gay American,” said Cadiz, who identifies as queer. Cadiz, who voted for Hillary Clinton in the election, said he opposed President Trump’s views on a wide range of issues. “I want to continue to have the right to get married and have kids,” he said.

    “I do believe that marching is an expression of the people’s power.”

    Marching is also a form of protest against Trump, he said.

    Cadiz said he thought Trump’s rise had brought out an ugly side of America, “from the hate speech that I now hear daily on public transportation, to the sexual assaults whose perpetrators [think they] won’t be punished because of the example that Trump has set.”

    Still, Cadiz said he knew the event would not yield immediate results.

    “I have no delusions that one march will change everything,” Cadiz said. “But I do believe that marching is an expression of the people’s power,” he says.

    By Vicky Pasquantonio

    Jessica Neuwirth

    Many people think the Equal Rights Amendment was passed in the 1970’s. But passage of the ERA — a longtime goal of the women’s rights movement — didn’t happen. While it passed both houses of Congress and was sent to the states for ratification, it fell three states short and has languished in recent decades.

    Originally presented by the suffragette leader Alice Paul in 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment calls for ““Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States of by any state on account of sex.”

    Jessica Neuwirth, an attorney who heads the ERA Coalition and is planning to attend the march, said the election created a “sense of urgency” for the women’s rights movement. Neuwirth is driving from New York to Washington, D.C. for the march with her mother and her niece.

    “I think what we would consider progress for women in 2017 hasn’t changed because of the election. Our goal post has not changed, it’s just become harder,” said Neuwirth, whose group advocates for the passage and ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment.

    At the same time, Neuwirth said the election caused many activists to reflect on the movement’s broader goals.

    “After the election, and in light of everything that happened during the campaign, and some of the fears that have been really aggravated by things that have been said, I think there was a sense of maybe we need to regroup,” so the Coalition decided to broaden their platform.

    “The twin pillars that we’ve been talking about are sex and race, as the two key areas that were omitted very intentionally by the founders from the constitution.”

    By Sandy Petrykowski

    Chia Morgan

    For Chia Morgan, a 30-year-old resident of Flint, Michigan, the march represents an opportunity to draw attention to a more local issue.

    Flint experienced its 1,000th day without clean water last Thursday, a grim milestone in the city’s ongoing water crisis. “I’m marching to keep that in the forefront,” said Morgan, a social worker. “We want to make sure that it is not a forgotten situation. We are still in crisis.”

    “Can’t is not an option. If all of the odds against, you bust through those odds.”

    But Morgan said she was also marching to break down the glass ceiling for her 4-year-old daughter. In an interview earlier this week, Morgan said she planned to drive with her daughter to Washington, D.C. for the march, and might bring her along.

    “When [my daughter] tells me she can’t do something, I tell her, ‘Can’t is not an option. If all of the odds are against you, you bust through those odds.’”

    Hopefully the march will also send a message to President Trump and the Republican-controlled Congress, she added.

    “All of these women have made this journey from across the world,” Morgan said. “And maybe if they are all coming together, maybe [the new administration] should listen.”

    By Kristen Doerer

    The post Why these women are marching appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

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  • 01/21/17--03:13: Women’s March live blog
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